Rooting hormones are a quick solution to the varying problems one faces while growing plants. Occasionally, (especially if you are in commercial gardening) you will want to increase the life of your plants after they have been already cut. In a situation as such, rooting hormones are just what you require. If you have never used rooting hormones before and feel a bit skeptical about using chemicals on your plants, then you need not worry because we will provide you with all the necessary information. Any ambiguities and reservations you might have will be catered to, ranging from the purpose of rooting hormones, to process of using them.
- Top 10 Rooting Hormones
- Types of Rooting Hormones
- Rooting Hormone Reviews
Top 10 Rooting Hormones
|HydroDynamics Clonex Rooting Compound, 100 ml||Clonex||$$$|
|Quick Clone Gel - 75mL - Most Advanced Cloning Gel for Faster, Healthier, Stronger Rooting Clones.||Quick Clone||$$|
|Garden Safe TakeRoot Rooting Hormone (HG-93194)||Garden Safe||$|
|Miracle-Gro FastRoot Dry Powder Rooting Hormone Jar, 1-1/4-Ounce||Miracle-Gro||$|
|Dip 'N Grow Liquid Rooting Hormone, 2 Ounce||Dip 'N Grow||$$|
Rooting hormones are used for plant propagation. This basically refers to the process of growing new plants by cutting from the current ones. The process also proves fruitful in helping plants from dying out quickly. The method used for most plant propagation is that you take a part of the mother plant and then you use that to produce another. Moreover, in rare cases, you can even use just a leaf to produce another one of that plant.
The general process of propagation includes taking a part or leaf of the plant and burying it in the soil while maintaining high humidity. After a while, (time can range from a few months to even a few weeks) the plant will form roots and with that, a new plant is born. Some plants grow highly easily while it is much harder for some but the growth of the roots is the most essential, as without the roots, the plant will show no signs of growth. In order to help the plants grow, rooting hormones are used.
Rooting hormones can be naturally made but you will also find an array of different variations in their names, such as rooting gel, cloning gel, rooting solution, and rooting medium. Despite their many names, each one of these hormones perform the basic function of rooting hormones and are used in making the roots of the plants to grow.
Rooting hormones are highly powerful chemicals therefore, too much of them can have drastic effects while reduced amounts may leave no effect at all. Due to this, while adding rooting hormones, you have to be highly careful. Maintain caution while adding them to the plants, so that it can have the desired effect. One way to determine the correct amount is to check if the plant shows some swelling first. This essentially means that callus tissues will be formed resulting in the growth of the roots. One sign that you have added too much of the solution is that the cutting will appear damaged, the leaves may turn yellow, and the blackening of the stems is also possible.
In the worst case scenario, the cutting might even die. Therefore, it is extremely important to read the instructions carefully and follow them to the dot in order to remove the chances of damaging the cutting of the plant whilst encouraging the proper growth of roots.
Types of Rooting Hormones
Powdered rooting hormones are used by both commercial gardeners and by people who grow plants simply as a hobby. These forms of rooting hormones are more shelf stable.
While using this type of rooting hormones, you must first pour the powder into a separate bowl or dish, to avoid the chances of contaminations. You are then required to dip your cutting (plant) into water. This will ensure that when the powder is applied, it will seal the cut area. Finally, you dip your wet cutting into the powder but be sure to tap the cutting on a hard surface, in order to shake off the powder and leave a highly thin layer of powder attached to the cutting left. Too much of the powder left on can actually be harmful for the cutting and could also potentially kill the plant.
Powdered forms are not as effective as compared to liquid forms. However, they are less toxic. Therefore, it is better to start with powdered forms and once you get the hang of it, you are free to move to liquid forms of the rooting hormones.
The most common form of rooting hormones is liquid, which has further two categories. The basic difference in the two types of liquid rooting hormones sold is that in one, you can apply the solution right out of the bottle and in the other, you must first dilute the solution into water or another substance. Only then is it safe to apply it onto your cutting.
If you are using the form that does not need any further dilution, then one precautionary measure you should take, is not to dip the cutting directly into the bottle. Take some out separately and then apply it to the cutting. This will limit the chances of contamination. While you may prefer this form more because you do not have to go through the hassle of diluting your solution further but those forms are relatively more cost effective than ready to go formulae. Using this form will also allow you to calibrate the dilution carefully, before applying it to the cutting.
The liquid form directly goes into the cutting and therefore, is more effective than powders However, you must be careful about the amount of time you dip your cutting in the liquid for, as putting it in for too long may cause too many hormones to enter directly into the cutting and this can damage the cutting. Some people find this time management a hassle and too hard to get right so they opt for powdered forms instead.
Using gel is the most convenient method of applying rooting hormones and it is also most popular for the same reason. This form is the easiest to apply because all you have to do, is take out the gel in a separate bowl or container of any sort and dip the cutting into it and that’s it! No dipping the cutting into water or diluting the solution is necessary.
While one bottle usually has enough to last an average gardener a life time, these chemicals have an expiration date and it is suggested that you try not to use them after that. In most cases, it is suggested to not use the same bottle for more than a year. However, there is no real proof to how long the product really lasts. It can still be used for a few years because research has suggested that IBA is highly stable.
Furthermore, it is proven that solid chemicals are usually more stable than liquid chemicals and therefore, the powdered form of rooting hormones will last much longer than the liquid form.
The rooting hormones could get damaged if not kept under the right conditions. It is suggested that you keep it in a dark and cold area to preserve them for a longer periods of time. Since containers already deflect the light and are dark, that will not be an issue. For the atmosphere, it is preferable that you keep it in a cold environment such as in the fridge. This will preserve your rooting hormones for as long as possible.
How to Use Rooting Hormones Correctly:
Using the rooting hormones can help the growth of your plants. However, this is a highly strong chemical and it is necessary that you are highly careful while using these. It takes some people a little while before they get the hang of it and that is perfectly okay, practice makes perfect! If you are a beginner, then instead of jumping right into it and making guesses on what is the right way to apply them to the cutting, you should follow these instructions.
The very first thing is to gather your cutting in one place. While there are other things you should be concerned with while getting the cutting, essentially, what you need to do is you take a couple of leaves from the plant and then cut them all with a sterilized knife. The cut should be approximately 45 degrees.
Next, you will need to prepare the rooting formulae. However, the perpetrations for this will vary depending on the type of rooting hormone you are using. If you have opted for a liquid (non-concentrated) form of rooting hormones, then you need to simply pour some of it into a separate container. If you are using a concentrated form of the liquid rooting hormones, then you must dilute it and pour it into another container. On the other hand, if you are using the powdered form then you need to simply take some of it out and pour it into a separate container. The same should be done if you are using the gel form.
The next step is to apply the rooting hormone to the cutting. However, this too will vary depending on the type of formulae you are using. If you are using a liquid form, then you need to dip it into the liquid and then set it aside. Keep in mind that you need to be careful about the time you keep it in the liquid, because in liquid form, the hormones go directly inside the cutting and additional amount can damage it.
In the case of powdered form, you must first make your cutting wet and then dip it into the powder, this is because the water will help adhere the powder to the cut and seal it. Then you must tap the cutting on a hard surface, so that the excess powder is gotten rid of. The easiest of them all is gel form since, all you have to do is dip it in the gel and it will adhere on its own. You can then place it aside.
Now once the rooting hormone has been applied, you must plant the cutting in a growing medium. There are many types of growing mediums and each offers a unique advantage. However, if you are growing your plants simply as a hobby, then you need not worry about the different types of growing mediums out there. Among the many types, you can use simpler ones and they will do the job just fine. These include peat moss, soil, or rockwool cubes. Once you have successfully planted the cutting into the growing material, you need to cover it with a humidity dome. If you do not have one, then you can also use a plastic bag. In the next step, you are needed to place it in an area with plenty of light for the plant.
Lastly, you need to give the plant a lot of moisture, since the plant is yet to have roots of its own. Therefore, external moisture is necessary in order to avoid quick dehydration and death of the plant. Keeping the plant in a humidity dome and daily misting can solve this problem. Once you notice that the roots have begun to form along with visible leaf development, then you can remove it from a high humidity temperature. You can then place it in an area with low humidity, as they now have roots which gives them what they need in order to sustain themselves.
If you follow these instructions to the dot you will surely be able to grow your plants effectively along with the help of rooting hormones
Rooting Hormone Reviews
HydroDynamics Clonex Rooting Compound, 100 ml
This product is made in the United States and since the rooting hormone is in gel form, while using this, you will be saved from any extra hassle. It is quite user friendly. The gel adheres to the cutting and seals the cut tissue, providing it with all the necessary hormones that are needed to promote the growth of the plant. It provides the plants with vitamins and a large verity of nutrients, in order to promote healthy growth. It also has trace elements that offer additional nourishment to the roots.
While this product is comparatively expensive, the gel makes your job easier and removes the hassle for any extra perpetrations and precautions. The gel is easy to use and manage. It reduces the chances of applying too much and adding extra hormones.
- Gel form
- Spectrum of nutrients
- Nourishment to the roots
- Relatively expensive
- The gel can be relatively harder to apply as compared to other gel products
Quick Clone Gel – 75mL – Most Advanced Cloning Gel for Faster, Healthier, Stronger Rooting Clones.
This particular gel has no limitations on the type of plants it will work on. The brand guarantees that this product works on plants like trees, roses, orchids, cactus, bonsai, bamboo, peppers, and tomatoes. This gel is made from all-natural ingredients which are known to most gardeners along with brewed tea leaves. This enhances the nutrients that are provided to the cutting and increases the chances of rooting. The company guarantees that you will see positive results within five to ten days, which will vary from plant to plant.
The product is just what you need to improve the growth of your garden and completely change its entire look. It might not be most expensive type of gel out there but it is still, comparatively more expensive than some. However, the promise of fast and healthy growth of the plants makes this purchase a worth wile investment.
- Faster growth
- Gel form makes it easy to use
- Made from natural ingredients
- Works on all plants
- Relatively expensive
- Comparatively shorter shelf life
Garden Safe Take Root Rooting Hormone (HG-93194)
This model has the rooting hormones in a powdered form, which makes it much easier to use. It has a longer shelf life than gel or liquid versions. It guarantees healthy plant growth in just three simple steps- cut, dip, and plant. It promotes the developments of the roots by providing the plant with right amount of nutrients. Furthermore, it is extremely cost effective.
It completely alters the growth of your plants in a positive manner and that too, at such a great price. The main ingredient used in this product is Indole-3-Butyric Acid which is excellent at promoting the growth of plant roots. What makes this ingredient special is that it is extremely similar to a rooting hormone that is naturally present in plants, known as indole-3-acetic acid.
- Quick growth of the roots
- Ready to use
- Easy to use ( 3 simple steps)
- Cost effective
- Longer shelf life
- Doesn’t work as well on all types of plants
- Powdered forms take relatively longer time to effect the plant
Miracle-Gro FastRoot Dry Powder Rooting Hormone Jar, 1-1/4-Ounce
This dry powdered rooting hormone is not only cost effective but promotes the healthy growth of the cuttings as well. This product works on plants that are house, foliage, tropical, and hardy ornamental in nature. It can be used on leaves, softwood, and greenwood. All you have to do is take any of these from the present year’s growth, apply the powder to it and then immediately plant it into moist soil for quick and proper results. It’s easy to use and therefore, is suggestable to those who are new to this. With powder forms, there’s less risk of the plant getting damaged or dying due to adding of extra hormones to the plant.
- Healthy growth of the roots
- Longer shelf life
- Good for plants that are house, foliage, tropical and hardy ornamental.
- The powder can be applied to leaves, greenwood and softwood
- Relatively cost effective
- They take longer to grow as compared to with the use of liquid or gel forms
- Not suitable for all types of plants
Dip ‘N Grow Liquid Rooting Hormone, 2 Ounce
The Dip ‘N Grow Liquid Rooting Hormone is in liquid concentrated form. Since it is concentrated, it requires a need of diluting it first. However, it promises a much faster growth of the roots as compared to powdered forms. It contains rooting auxins. Moreover, it is self-sanitizing, which reduces the chances of cross contamination. One disadvantage of liquid forms is that they are more toxic than other forms. However, this model is far less likely to leave a toxic residue in the plant as compared to other liquid forms.
The liquid form guarantees quicker results since the liquid goes directly inside the cut and the hormones are absorbed effectively. However, this also increases the chances of adding too much of it and damaging the cutting, so you must be careful while using this product. As long as you follow the instructions properly, the chances of you successfully growing the plant remain great.
- Liquid form allows for quicker action and results
- Not as likely to leave toxic residue as compared to the other liquid products
- Contains both auxins
- Relatively expensive
- Diluting the concentrated form can be considered a hassle and it is not easy to know how much dilution is necessary
- Hormones enter the plant directly and therefore extra care need to be given or else the plant might get damaged