Many may have heard of the term but not so sure of all it entails. For some, permaculture is an organic garden that is beautiful, productive and most importantly excludes the hassle of a conventional garden.
Originally referred to as permanent agriculture and developed in 1978 by David Holmgren (graduate student) and his professor, Bill Mollison, permaculture is a system of agricultural and design principles centered around, the patterns and features obtainable in natural ecosystems.
Permaculture is a lot more than organic gardening. With intelligent designs, it uses free sustainable energies and resources. A well-planned Permaculture system has great potentials- sustains both the system and their caregivers and the goal of any good Permaculture system is to meet all the needs of its inhabitants from shelter, food to fuel. A whole lot you say? yes and much more if correct principles are followed . however, no expertise is needed before starting your own permaculture system as you can always borrow ideas from many others.
In the book ‘Introduction to Permaculture, Bill Mollison writes
”the aim is to create systems that are ecologically sound and economically viable, which provides for their own needs, do not exploit or pollute, and are therefore sustainable in the long term”
he continues ” permaculture uses the inherent qualities of plants and animals combined with the natural qualities of landscapes and structures to produce a life supporting system for city and country using the smallest practical area’’
Mollison describes an integrated system modeled totally on nature. With this design, a lot of energy is saved and waste is eliminated.
Take for example an uncultivated forest, no one digs, plants or eliminates the pests, still it retains balance, grows and feeds off its inhabitants. With nature, there is really no such thing as waste; everything recycles naturally to sustain the delicate balance.
Now, Permaculture, design is key and one way to get the most of it is maintaining the balance through intelligent planning and design. With nature everything (left untouched) is sustained in the long run and correct permaculture practices demands a design inspired greatly by nature, the best part is, you save the planet, create healthier living conditions while you let nature take its course!
Done right, permaculture gardens can be applied in villages, estates (albeit with some level of expertise), or that really tiny backyard space you’re still undecided on its use. And the best part is, the system will look after itself if properly done.
Permaculture garden system is guided by core principles and they’re listed below
- Fair share
- Care for others
- Care of the earth
In the practice of Permaculture, we observe, love and respect nature and more importantly we are more ecologically aware and even more responsible in our actions towards nature.
Benefits of Permaculture gardening
Indeed, the system sounds very promising in maintaining the ecosystem and boosting sustainable food production, it is crucial for better appreciation that we look into the benefits that could be accrued from the practice of this system.
In Permaculture, natural water supplies, pesticides and fertilizers are all used . It is unarguably a great way to promote green and healthy living.
With permaculture, the most natural way of agricultural cultivation is used and there is minimal or no pollution at all. More often than not, permaculture zones are completely free of pollution.
Zero need for chemicals
In correct practice of permaculture, natural fertilizers are used for farming. With this, there is no need for harsh conventional fertilizers. And the plants and fauna in the system are safe from exposure to the harmful chemicals used as pesticides.
Permaculture gardening system brings waste to the barest minimum as every waste is a resource to be recycled back to the earth as compost. The waste material becomes a natural fertilizer as every resource is prudently used to better nourish the garden.
When natural components of the ecosystem are utilized, cost is reduced. A lot of finance which would have been spent on conventional practices like purchasing fertilizers and pesticides would be saved
Permaculture gardening encourages self-reliance. You can �feed off’ the earth by producing virtually anything desired and surplus is preserved, shared or sold off. Another upside to this is the immense satisfaction derived in watching your efforts yield results.
Although the main philosophy of Permaculture is sustainable food production and earth protection, one cannot but not acknowledge the aesthetic goodness in the right permaculture practices. Always worth that second look.
In Permaculture, priority is placed on humans, animals and plants care and not on vehicular conveniences, hence, there is no driveway within such community and this translates to zero-traffic danger.
Summarily, the benefits of this practice cannot fully expended as they quite numerous. Be rest assured that there are no downsides to this system as every step taken is towards the larger goal of protecting and sustaining the earth one person at a time. Why wait? Take up the challenge, start your own Permaculture garden today.